Roger Federer is a Swiss professional tennis player was born on 8th August 1981 in Arlesheim near Basel, Switzerland. His father, Robert Federer is Swiss national and mother is Lynette Durand is South African-born, both worked in the pharmacuetical industry. Federer has elder sister, Diana and they were grown up in the town of Munchenstein, just outside the city of Basel and close to the French and German borders and able to speak Swiss German, German, French and English fluently. Tennis was a family passion in the Federer home, though neither Roger's parents nor his sister had any special aptitude for the game but enjoyed it. He was joined Basel's crack junior program at the age of eight. Federer took an interest in sports at an early age, playing tennis and soccer. Roger's first sports hero was Boris Becker. Once Federer cried when his idol lost the Wimbledon final in 1988. He was unable to control his emotions that would plague Roger throughout his childhood. From the age of 10 to 14, Roger spent more time with Peter Carter, player from Australia than his own parents to take his coaching. By the age of 11, he was among the top 3 junior tennis players in Switzerland. At the age of 12, he had left other sports and focused all his efforts on tennis. By the age of 14, he was fully concentrated in tennis and playing 2-3 tournaments per month and practicing 6 hours of the game throughout the week. At age of 14, he became the national junior champion in Switzerland and was chosen to train at the Swiss National Tennis Center in Ecublens. He joined the International Tennis Federation junior tennis circuit in 1996. In 1998 as a junior player Federer won the Wimbledon both singles & doubles with Olivier Rochus and the prestigious Orange Bowl but lost US Open Junior to David Nalbandian. The same year he was ranked the junior world number 1 and entered his first tournament as a professional in Gstaad but lost in the first round. He was the youngest member of the ATP Tour's Top 100 in 1999.
Federer's first singles final of an ATP turnament was the Marseille Open in 2000 but lost to Marc Rosset. Federer won Hopman Cup in 2001 with Martina Hingis. Federer's first singles win was Milan Indoor tournament in 2001. He reached first time Grand Slam quarterfinal to the French Open 2001 and Wimbledon 2001 defeated defending champion Pete Sampras. The same he finished the year ranked number 13. Federer became the first Swiss man to win a Grand Slam title when he became the Wimbledon 2003 singles champion. Federer won his first Master Series event Hamburg Masters 2002 on clay and ranked 6th in the top-10 player list.
Federer won first Grand Slam singles title as the Wimbledon 2003 and first and only doubles Masters Series 1000 event in Miami with Max Mirnyi. Federer reached to nine finals on the ATP Tour and won seven of them. He defeated Andre Agassi and won the year-end championships and ranked world number 2. As world number 2 players during 2004 he won the Australian Open, the U.S. Open and the ATP Masters and retained the Wimbledon singles title. He was ranked world number 1 at the start of 2005 and he won the Wimbledon singles title for a third successive year with the U.S. Open second time. Federer started 2006 as world number 1 and won the Wimbledon Championships final, first time faced and defeted defeated Nadal in any Grand Slam final and the Australian Open defeated Marcos Baghdatis and the US Open defeated Roddick. The same year he reached to all four finals in a calender year. He again made it in 2007 and won the Australian Open defeated Fernando Gonzalez, the Wimbledon defeated Rafael Nadal, the US Open defeated Novak Djokovicand lost the French Open to Nadal. Federer won one Grand Slam singles title in 2008, the US Open defeated Andy Murray and lost finals of the French Open and the Wimbledon to Nadal. Federer and Stanislas Wawrinka won the gold medal in doubles of the Olympic Games. At the Australian Open Djokovic defeated him in semifinals. in 2009, Federer won two Grand Slam singles titles, the French Open and the Wimbledon. Federer reached two other Grand Slam finals, losing to Nadal at the Australian Open and to Juan Martin del Potro at the US Open. Federer completed a career Grand Slam by winning his first French Open title and won a men's record fifteenth Grand Slam singles title. The next year he won only one Grand Slam title, the Australian Open and extended his Grand Slam singles record to Seventeen titles with winning 2012 the Wimbledon title. In 2011, he did not hold any of the four Major titles. Federer began his 2012 two semifinals, the Australian Open and French Open and won the Wimbledon defeatting Andy Murray.
Federer held ATP number 1 position for a record 237 consecutive weeks from 2nd February 2004 to 18th August 2008. Federer has occupied the world number 1 ranking for 287 overall weeks, one week short of the record held by Pete Sampras. Federer has won men's record 17 Grand Slam singles titles. He is one of seven male players to capture the career Grand Slam and one of with Andre Agassi and Rafael Nadal to do so on three different surfaces in clay, grass, and hard courts. He is also the only male tennis player to have reached the Wimbledon final nine times.
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